Aquanaut under water working.

A team of roboticists from NASA’s Johnson Space Center in Houston have applied their expertise in making robots for deep space to designing a fully electric shape-changing submersible robot that will cut costs for maritime industries. Aquanaut, seen here during testing in the giant pool at Johnson’s Neutral Buoyancy Lab, opens its shell and turns its arms, claw hands, and various sensors to the job.

NASA has a long history of transferring technology to the private sector. The agency’s Spinoff publication profiles NASA technologies that have transformed into commercial products and services, demonstrating the broader benefits of America’s investment in its space program. Spinoff is a publication of the Technology Transfer program in NASA’s Space Technology Mission Directorate (STMD).

Learn more: NASA Space Robotics Dive into Deep-Sea Work

Credits: Nauticus Robotics Inc.

Moonikin Campos, a manikin or anatomical model that simulates the human body, lies on its back. Its head and torso are visible in the picture. It wears an orange jumpsuit and a helmet that has an opaque black visor.

Moonikin Campos, named after Arturo Campos, will be on Artemis I, an uncrewed test flight of the Orion spacecraft and Space Launch System rocket as an integrated system ahead of crewed flights to the Moon. Moonikin Campos, along with two phantom manikins, Helga and Zohar, will allow us to measure radiation, acceleration, and vibration data throughout the mission; the information gathered from these human body replicas will inform future crewed missions.

Image Credit: NASA/Ben Smegelsky

A mass of bright blue-white stars fills the center, gold stars are dotted throughout

This star-studded image from the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope shows the heart of the globular cluster NGC 6638 in the constellation Sagittarius. The star-strewn observation highlights the density of stars at the heart of globular clusters, which are stable, tightly bound groups of tens of thousands to millions of stars. To capture the data in this image, Hubble used two of its cutting-edge astronomical instruments: Wide Field Camera 3 and the Advanced Camera for Surveys.

Hubble revolutionized the study of globular clusters. The distortion caused by Earth’s atmosphere makes it nearly impossible to clearly distinguish stars in the cores of globular clusters with ground-based telescopes. Orbiting some 340 miles (550 km) above Earth, Hubble can study what kind of stars make up globular clusters, how they evolve, and the role of gravity in these dense systems without Earth’s atmosphere posing a problem.

The NASA/ESA/CSA James Webb Space Telescope will further our understanding of globular clusters by peering into their star-studded interiors. Webb observes at infrared wavelengths, providing unique information about cluster stars that will complement Hubble’s incredible views.

Text credit: European Space Agency (ESA)
Image credit: ESA/Hubble & NASA, R. Cohen

Media Contact:

Claire Andreoli
NASA's Goddard Space Flight CenterGreenbelt, MD

Picture of a man and woman laughing over steins of beer while a jazz band plays in the background

Chicago Club

A couple enjoys music with their beers at a jazz club in downtown Chicago, sometime in the mid-1960s. This photo appeared in a June 1967 story called "Illinois: The City and the Plain."

Photograph by James L. Stanfield, Nat Geo Image Collection

Picture of a person selling fruits and vegetables from a cart in Mexico City

City Vendor

A story in the August 1984 profiled the rapidly growing Mexico City, which today is the fifth largest city in the world. In this photo, a street vendor sells fresh fruits and vegetables to a passerby.

Photograph by Stephanie Maze, Nat Geo Image Collection

Picture of people sitting on blankets on a lawn to listen to live music

Berkshire Festival

Music lovers attend the Berkshire Festival in 1969 at the Tanglewood venue in western Massachusetts. This photo appeared in an August 1970 story about the life, history, and culture of the Berkshire Hills.

Photograph by Jonathan Blair, Nat Geo Image Collection

A woman cuddles her dog outside as a white-tailed deer grazes close by

Deer and Dog

A woman cuddles her dog as a white-tailed deer passes through her yard in Whitesville, West Virginia. This previously unpublished photo was taken as a part of coverage for a March 2006 magazine story on strip mining in West Virginia, and the toll it took on nearby families.

Photograph by Melissa Farlow, Nat Geo Image Collection

Nichelle Nichols (a.k.a. Lt. Uhura on Star Trek) seen on February 29, 2012. in the Building 8 Auditorium at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md.

NASA celebrates the life of Nichelle Nichols, Star Trek actor, trailblazer, and role model, who symbolized to so many what was possible. She partnered with us to recruit some of the first women and minority astronauts, and inspired generations to reach for the stars.

In this photo from February 2012, Nichols was a featured guest speaker in the Building 8 auditorium at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md. at a special event commemorating of the life and legacy of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

Read more: Nichelle Nichols Helped NASA Break Boundaries on Earth and in Space

Image credit: NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center/Pat Izzo

Picture of people sitting around a table full of mah-jongg tiles

Game Night

Three generations play mah-jongg together in Macau. When this photo was published in the April 1969 issue, Macau was a Portuguese colony on the Chinese coast of the South China Sea. The territory was transferred to China in 1999, and today Macau is a special administrative region of China.

Photograph by Joe Scherschel, Nat Geo Image Collection

It's stars versus dust in the Carina Nebula and the stars are winning. More precisely, the energetic light and winds from massive newly formed stars are evaporating and dispersing the dusty stellar nurseries in which they formed. Located in the Carina Nebula and known informally as Mystic Mountain, these pillar's appearance is dominated by the dark dust even though it is composed mostly of clear hydrogen gas. Dust pillars such as these are actually much thinner than air and only appear as mountains due to relatively small amounts of opaque interstellar dust. About 7,500 light-years distant, the featured image was taken with the Hubble Space Telescope and highlights an interior region of Carina which spans about three light years. Within a few million years, the stars will likely win out completely and the entire dust mountain will evaporate.

Picture of Black children in South African taking ballet lessons

Ballet Lessons

A story in the June 2010 issue called "Mandela's Children" showed South Africa's efforts to heal from apartheid. Here, Black children take ballet lessons as part of an outreach program of the Joburg Ballet, then known as the South African Ballet Theatre.

Photograph by James Nachtwey, Nat Geo Image Collection

Picture of women in full coverings praying at a shrine in Afghanistan, near a partition that separates them from the men

Weekly Worship

Separated from the men by a partition, Shiite women pray in the Shahzada Qasim Agha Shrine in Herat, Afghanistan. This photo appeared in a December 2010 story about women in Afghanistan fighting for a just life.

Photograph by Lynsey Addario, Nat Geo Image Collection

Picture of a female tiger reclining in India's Bandhavgarh National Park

Tiger Queen

A Bengal tigress relaxes in India's Bandhavgarh National Park. A story in the November 2011 issue documented the threats against wild tigers and what it would take to protect them.

Photograph by Steve Winter, Nat Geo Image Collection

SOFIA, the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy, is a Boeing 747SP aircraft modified to carry a large reflecting telescope into the stratosphere. The ability of the airborne facility to climb above about 99 percent of Earth's infrared-blocking atmosphere has allowed researchers to observe from almost anywhere over the planet. On a science mission flying deep into the southern auroral oval, astronomer Ian Griffin, director of New Zealand’s Otago Museum, captured this view from the observatory's south facing starboard side on July 17. Bright star Canopus shines in the southern night above curtains of aurora australis, or southern lights. The plane was flying far south of New Zealand at the time at roughly 62 degrees southern latitude. Unfortunately, after a landing at Christchurch severe weather damaged SOFIA requiring repairs and the cancellation of the remainder of its final southern hemisphere deployment.

Picture of people working in a small garden in Latvia while a toddler sleeps in a stroller nearby

Family Garden

A family works in their small vegetable garden outside Riga, Latvia. This photo appeared in a November 1990 story about the Baltic Nations rebuilding after the fall of the Soviet Union.

Photograph by Larry Price, Nat Geo Image Collection

An ancient tree seems to reach out and touch Earth's North Celestial Pole in this well-planned night skyscape. Consecutive exposures for the timelapse composition were recorded with a camera fixed to a tripod in the Yiwu Desert Poplar Forests in northwest Xinjiang, China. The graceful star trail arcs reflect Earth's daily rotation around its axis. By extension, the axis of rotation leads to the center of the concentric arcs in the night sky. Known as the North Star, bright star Polaris is a friend to northern hemisphere night sky photographers and celestial navigators alike. That's because Polaris lies very close to the North Celestial Pole on the sky. Of course it can be found at the tip of an outstretched barren branch in a postcard from a rotating planet.

Picture of people in life vests in a pool getting safety training in the Philippines

Safety Training

A story in the December 2018 issue documented the lives of some of the 10 million Filipinos who work abroad to send home to their families. In this photo, singers and chefs headed to work on cruise ships gather in a swimming pool for safety-at-sea training.

Photograph by Hannah Reyes Morales, Nat Geo Image Collection

This moon made quite an entrance. Typically, a moonrise is quiet and serene. Taking a few minutes to fully peek above the horizon, Earth's largest orbital companion can remain relatively obscure until it rises high in the nighttime sky. About a week ago, however, and despite being only half lit by the Sun, this rising moon put on a show -- at least from this location. The reason was that, as seen from Limfjord in Nykøbing Mors, Denmark, the moon rose below scattered clouds near the horizon. The result, captured here in a single exposure, was that moonlight poured through gaps in the clouds to created what are called crepuscular rays. These rays can fan out dramatically across the sky when starting near the horizon, and can even appear to converge on the other side of the sky. Well behind our Moon, stars from our Milky Way galaxy dot the background, and our galaxy's largest orbital companion -- the Andromeda galaxy -- can be found on the upper left.

Almost Hyperspace: Random APOD Generator

Picture of mangroves growing above and below water in a marine reserve in Belize

Mighty Mangroves

Red mangroves within the South Water Caye Marine Reserve in Pelican Beach, Belize. The reserve covers 184 square miles of mangrove and coastal ecosystems.

Photograph by Brian J. Skerry, Nat Geo Image Collection

Mars' Gamboa Crater

Though Mars is the Red Planet, false-color images can help us learn about its weather and geology. This image shows a variety of wind-related features on the Red Planet near the center of Gamboa Crater. Larger sand dunes form sinuous crests and individual domes.

There are tiny ripples on the tops of the dunes, only several feet from crest-to-crest. These merge into larger mega-ripples about 30 feet apart that radiate outward from the dunes. The larger, brighter formations that are roughly parallel are called "Transverse Aeolian Ridges" (TAR). These TAR are covered with very coarse sand.

The mega-ripples appear blue-green on one side of an enhanced color cutout while the TAR appear brighter blue on the other. This could be because the TAR are actively moving under the force of the wind, clearing away darker dust and making them brighter. All of these different features can indicate which way the wind was blowing when they formed. Being able to study such variety so close together allows us to see their relationships and compare and contrast features to examine what they are made of and how they formed.

Image Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/University of Arizona

Picture of a woman holding out the sides of her dress, which displays the Puerto Rican flag

Puerto Rican Pride

A story in the March 2003 issue documented the ongoing debate over Puerto Rico's future. Here, a woman shows off her Puerto Rican flag dress at the annual Carnival celebration in Ponce.

Photograph by Amy Toensing, Nat Geo Image Collection